Why Do Our Gums Bleed? A Few Common Causes

 By: Ashley Walker

Published: 04/10/2017


Have you ever been brushing and noticed your gums begin to bleed? Have you seen signs of slight irritation or swelling? There are a few different reasons as to why your gums are bleeding/irritated. Here are the 5 most common causes and cures.

dental-842314_1920.jpgCause: New Toothbrush/Aggressive Brushing: Is your new toothbrush causing you some discomfort? Some toothbrush bristles may be altogether too hard for your gums or you may be brushing too aggressively. Vigorous brushing can cause wear and tear on tooth enamel and expose the sensitive root area. Aggressive brushing does not remove all the plaque, the texture of plaque is so soft it can be removed with a rag or a brush of your finger. When purchasing a toothbrush, it may be beneficial to purchase a toothbrush that has either soft or medium bristles. It may also be favorable to change your brushing pattern/technique, if you find that while brushing your bristles are squashed, you are brushing too hard.

Cause: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the stage before gum disease. Gingivitis comes when the plaque on your teeth and gum line is not removed by proper brushing and flossing. Individuals who are experiencing signs of gingivitis have swollen gums that are tender to touch and sometimes bleed during brushing. It’s not too late! By brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day with visiting your dentist regularly, you can cease the bleeding and irritation before it turns into gum disease.

Cause: Medications

Different medications can irritate the gums and cause infections and bleeding. Medications that thin the blood, cause dry mouth, and/or inflame the gums are known for causing bleeding during regular brushing. Chemotherapy is one common treatment that causes blood irritation and bleeding; other ailments are depression, Alzheimer's, Parkinson’s disease, and anti-nausea medications. Visiting with your dentist regularly and continuing oral hygiene is a great way to ensure that the bleeding will be calm if not stop all the way.

For more information on how to properly care for your teeth and keep the irritation of the gums low, visit us at eonclinics.com or give us a call at 312-337-5868.